are four main stages a student goes through to acquire a second
language. The first one is a silent period. This is the equivalent
to everyone's first several months of life. The person is dependent
upon listening to other's language in order to build their own.
second stage involves speaking one or two words and short phrases.
Motivation and encouragement are important at this stage.
the third stage includes expanding the person's receptive language.
Now the person can speak with longer phrases.
fourth stage allows the person to participate in conversations
and speak with full sentences.
tips for including LEP students:
for meaning and connections in assessing assignments.
an environment where students feel free to take risks.
written copies of lessons and lecture material.
a variety of textbooks available including ones for person's with
low reading ability.
some assignments that are to be done in a language other than
other, more advanced LEP students, translate assignment sheets.
These can be laminated and kept on file for new students
Dr Kathie Nunley is an educational psychologist, researcher and
author of several books on parenting and teaching, including A
Student's Brain (Brains.org) and the best selling, "Differentiating
the High School Classroom" (Corwin Press). She is the developer
of the Layered Curriculum® method of instruction and has worked
with parents and educators around the world to better structure
schools to make brain-friendly environments. In addition, her
work has been used by the Boeing Corporation, Family Circle Magazine,
the Washington Post, and ABC television.
her: Kathie (at) brains.org