(Scotopic Sensitivity Syndrome)
from a woman with Irlen syndrome. Reflections on her life and
the lives of her two sons with Irlen syndrome.
you have an intelligent child who appears to be lazy or not
care about school? Is it like pulling teeth to get him to read?
Is his handwriting poor? When I was growing up, I frequently
heard my parents and teachers say that I was lazy, didn't care
about school, or was just interested in other things. These
were the excuses they gave for why I didn't achieve up to my
full abilities in school.
of these excuses were the case; rather it was a situation in
which I couldn't seem to see what the words were saying. And,
I couldn't seem to get my parents to understand that I couldn't'
focus on the words. The words seemed to squish together and
the background changed from white to dark blue or purple. Sometimes
the paper would be so white that it felt blinding. It was especially
bad if I was asked to read from a magazine or under florescent
lighting. While it wasn't true that I was lazy or didn't care,
there was a problem. I had undiagnosed Irlen or Scotopic Sensitivity
Syndrome. Irlen Syndrome is a disorder that causes distortions
in what we see. The distortions affect everything we see, however,
they are the most noticeable in reading. Black words on white
paper are the most difficult to decipher.
distortions may be as simple as those I just describe, to as
extreme as the words seemingly partying on the page. My son
is also a sufferer of Irlen Syndrome. He is more extreme then
I, and also suffers from Dyslexia. He complains that the words
jump around, the background changes to multiple colors which
often move as he reads, bright or white paper seems to be blinding,
the letters or words may slide from one part of the page to
another as he reads. In addition, words may fade in and out
or mesh with borders or objects printed on the page. The punctuation
may appear to fall into a vortex while the letters appear to
be pushed away. At one time he told me, "Mama, the letters just
seem to crawl off the page."
symptoms of Irlen Syndrome can range from mild to extreme, too.
A child with Irlen Syndrome often can read, however, they seldom
enjoy the practice. Symptoms will manifest themselves as possible
vision problems, but won't go away with glasses. Another complaint
I often had and heard repeated by my son was that although I
had new glasses, I still couldn't "focus" on the words. Symptoms
may be seen as:
The child squirms as they read. Often changing the direction
of their head or the book.
The child seems to over look words as they read, skipping them
either partially or entirely.
As they read, the child, makes two words into one, i.e. 'they
were' becomes 'there'
Child may squint or move closer to the book in an effort to
see the word.
The child adds words to their reading, or changes the words
to others that mean the same, but are completely different.
The child looks away from the words frequently as they read.
This is an effort to refocus and stop the movement of the words.
Reading becomes more difficult as the child reads. At first
seeming easy or natural, but as the page progresses the fluidity
may become more prevalent as the child moves into more difficult
books. Books that are all text are the most difficult to decipher.
The sufferer of Irlen Syndrome must fight the distortions harder
if there are no pictures to break up the reading, or if the
words are small and close together. Books with large print are
child with Ilene Syndrome will often have an easier time reading
in a poorly lit area. If your child wants to do his homework
in the darkest corner of the house, or of his room, it may be
the best place for him. Bright lights cause the distortions
to be more severe. If you suspect your child has Irlen Syndrome,
it is best to have them tested. Testing will verify the presence
of Irlen Syndrome and will open the door to correcting what
is seen. If Irlen Syndrome is present, the distortions can be
stopped with the use of a colored film over the paper, or by
tinting the sufferer's glasses. The color of the film or of
the tint on the glasses will depend on the individual. Testing
can be done by the local school district, although my experience
has revealed that many educators are unfamiliar with this syndrome.
If your child's school doesn't test for Irlen Syndrome contact
the Irlen Clinic in your area. To receive a listing of clinics
in your state, contact the Irlen Institute at (213) 496-2550.
more information on Irlen or Scotopic Sensitivity Syndrome and
it's affects, I recommend reading, "Reading By The Colors",
by Helen Irlen.
F. Nunley is an educational psychologist, author, researcher
and speaker living in southern New Hampshire. Developer of the
Layered Curriculum® method of instruction, Dr. Nunley has
authored several books and articles on teaching in mixed-ability
classrooms and other problems facing today's teachers. Full
references and additional teaching and parental tips are available
at: http://Help4Teachers.com Email her:
Kathie (at) brains.org