U.S. History Since 1877
Second Six Weeks Exam
Nancy Cooper
Veribest ISD

1.    Use the information below to answer the question.
*NAACP founded
*Pure Food and Drug Act Passed
*19th Amendment Ratified
*Clayton Anti-trust Act passed

he events shown above are associated with which period in U.S. History?

A.  The Progressive Era        B.  The Gilded Age

C.  The Great Depression        D.  Reconstruction

2.    Which of these periods in U.S. History occurred first?

A.  Great Depression        B.  Progressive Era

C.  Cold War            D.  Gilded Age

3.    In 1898 more than 200 Americans died when the Battleship U.S.S. Maine exploded in Havana Harbor.  This event prompted the beginning of the –

A.  Mexican-American War        B.  Civil War

C.  Spanish-American War        D.  Russo-Japanese War

4.    President Theodore Roosevelt increased American involvement in U.S. affairs by

A.    issuing the corollary to the Monroe Doctrine

B.    campaigning against international trusts

C.    urging congress to declare war on Germany

D.    repealing federal tariff laws

5.    Which of the following is a correct cause and effect paring of events that occurred during the 1920s?

A.    Victory in World War I and urban riots
B.    Labor strife and the downfall of unions
C.    Prohibition and the rise of organized crime
D.    Fear of foreigners and the closing of U.S. borders

6.    What was one result of the rapid growth of U.S. cities in the early 20th century?

A.    Fewer educational opportunities were available

B.    Prices for consumer goods became unstable

C.    Farm production declined significantly

D.    The population in slums increased

7.    As a result of the passage of the Homestead Act in 1862, the Great Plains –

A.    became the most populated region of the U.S.

B.    became the location of the country’s largest urban centers

C.    was preserved through conservation measures

D.    was developed into a major agricultural area

8.    The invention of the light bulb contributed to industrial growth in the U.S. by making it possible for:

A.    production to continue at night

B.    workers to light their homes

C.    electric companies to raise their prices

D.    cities to reduce crime by having lighted streets

9.    Why were labor strikes in the late 19th century not as effective in industries that depended largely on unskilled workers?

A.    most unskilled workers were paid high wages

B.    unskilled workers could be replaced more easily than skilled workers

C.    unskilled workers were not allowed to join unions

D.    many unskilled workers were deported for supporting unions

10.    In the early 20th century, the increase in ethnic diversity in the U.S. because of immigration from southern and eastern Europe contributed to:

A.  increased social tension        B.  decrease in urban populations

C.  increase in religious tolerance    D.  extended economic decline

11.  The terms Nativism, Political Machines, Sweatshops, and Tenement Dwellings are all related to:

    A. Reconstruction            B.  Immigration

    C.  Populism                D.  Women’s suffrage

11.    During the late 19th century, factory owners often hired child workers because children:

A.  required little supervision        B.  could be paid low wages

C.  were able to work after school    D.  had received job training at school

12.    Susan B. Anthony worked for a constitutional  amendment that would –

A.  end slavery        B.  give women the right to vote

C.  protect African American rights    D.  allow women to join the army

13.    The purpose of the Open Door Policy proposed by the United States in 1899 was to__

A.    protect U.S. interests by establishing equal trading rights in China

B.    establish a trade embargo against Japan until the Japanese withdrew from Korea

C.    form a military alliance with countries opposed to Russian expansion

D.    encourage Asian nations to form an economic coalition

14.    What was the immediate effect of the Progressive Reforms listed below:

·    Direct Election of Senators
·    Women’s Suffrage
·    Direct Primary Elections

A.    Shareholders began to elect corporate officers

B.    Big Business came under greater government control

C.    Citizens had a larger role in selecting their elected representatives

D.    Political bosses gained greater control over local government

15.    The 17th Amendment to the Constitution provided for U.S. senators to be elected directly by the people, this amendment is significant because it –

A.    allowed for the election of more experienced senators

B.    gave citizens more control of the government

C.    discouraged people from voting in state elections

D.    lessened the importance of political parties

16.    Complete the following chart:

Amendment    Provision

17.    The word suffrage means:

A.  Right to suffer        B.  Right to Vote

C.  Right to surf        D.  Right to hold office

18.    Imperialism is the political and economic domination of:

A.    Weak nations over strong nations    

B.    Developing nations over third world countries

C.    Strong nations over weaker nations

D.    Politically advanced nations over dictatorships

19.    After the Spanish American War, the U.S. acquired the Philippines, Guam, and

A.  Puerto Rico        B.  Cuba

C.  Wake Island        D.  Barbados

20.  This treaty gave the U.S. the exclusive right to build a canal in Panama

A.    Treaty of Paris 1898

B.    Cooper-Pinchot Treaty

C.    Hay-Pauncefote Treaty

D.    Hays-Roosevelt Treaty

20.    Roosevelt announced the U.S. would intervene in affairs in Latin American whenever necessary.  This announcement was known as the:

A.    Dollar Diplomacy

B.    Roosevelt Corollary

C.    Roosevelt Intervention

D.    Roosevelt Affair

21.    Progressives believed people could improve society because they had a strong belief in:

A.  Social Reform        B.  Temperance Movement

C.  Suffrage            D.  Science and Technology

22.    The first people to articulate progressive ideas were the:

A.  Muckrakers        B.  Soul shakers

C.  Dirt Diggers        D.  Yellow Journalist

23.    All of the following were a part of the women’s suffrage movement EXCEPT:

A.  Susan B. Anthony        B.  Lucretia Mott

C.  Elizabeth Cady Stanton    D.  Ida Tarbell

24.    Name the significance of each date listed below:


1861 – 1865 –


25.    Upton Sinclair’s novel The Jungle was a scathing expose of what industry?

A.  Slum Lords        B. Fashion
C.  Meat Packing        D.  Railroads